Complete guide to vehicle ownership: what it is, when to pay for it, how to pay for it and more additional tips
Vehicle ownership is a tax that vehicle owners have to pay in Mexico. This tax is updated every year, and each state decides how to implement it.
If you want to know how much you have to pay, what happens if you don't pay, how and where to pay and more tips related to your tenure, this guide will help you.
1. What is vehicle ownership?
Vehicle ownership is a state tax levied on owning a vehicle.
The tax exists for both individuals and companies, regardless of the use that is given to the vehicle. Even imported vehicles are required to make the payment of vehicle ownership every year.
In the past, tenure was paid at the federal level, that is, the amount for the same vehicle was the same throughout the country and all vehicles were obliged to pay it.
Currently, the tenure is paid by state , so, depending on where your vehicle is registered, the tax you must pay may change and the different exemptions that apply.
1.1 In which states is vehicle ownership not paid?
There is 13 states that are exempt from paying vehicle ownership during the 2018 :
- Baja California Sur
- Colima (if you are up to date with your tax payment)
- Quintana Roo
- Tamaulipas (only vehicles whose value exceeds 250 A thousand pesos)
For the rest of the states it will be mandatory to make the payment of the vehicle ownership or the endorsement, as the case may be.
1.2 How to check if my vehicle ownership is paid?
If you do not remember or do not know if the possession of your car is up to date, you should consult the secretary of the state that corresponds to you.
For vehicles registered in the State of Mexico, you must check your ownership information on the State of Mexico page.
Here are the links to consult the tenure debts for the State of Mexico and the Federal District :
- Consult tenure debts in the State of Mexico.
- Or check the debit of Vehicle Possession in Mexico City.
1.3 What happens if you don't pay for the vehicle ownership?
If you do not pay the vehicle ownership on time, you can pay it later, but additional surcharges will apply . In addition, you will have to pay the tenure without any type of subsidy or exemption.
That is why if you have not yet paid your vehicle ownership, it is best to pay it as soon as possible to prevent the debt from increasing. Remember that every month that passes there is a higher surcharge, so the sooner you pay it, the less you will have to pay.
If your vehicle ownership is pending payment, you will not be able to carry out various important procedures for your vehicle, such as for instance:
- If your vehicle is taken to the corralón , you will not be able to withdraw it until you verify the payment of vehicle ownership .
- You will not be able to change the plates of your vehicle, until you have all the payments of your tenure up to date .
They will not allow you to verify your vehicle, since the presentation of the payment of the tenure is a mandatory requirement in the verification centers.
That is why our recommendation is that you pay the tenure on time and, if you are late, pay it as soon as possible to avoid accumulating surcharges.
2. How is the tenure payment calculated?
calculate the payment of the vehicle possession of any private vehicle in the year 2019 following the steps below:
1.To obtain the updated value, take the original price of the vehicle (when it left the agency, including VAT) and multiply it by the depreciation factor according to the vehicle model that appears in these tables:
2.1 Models 2011 – 2018 and higher
|2018 or higher||0. 8621|
|0. 4191||2012||0. 2542|
2.2 Models 2010
Depending on the date of purchase of your vehicle, you must apply the factor from the following table:
|Model||Date of purchase||Applicable factor|
|2010||Between January and December 2010||0. 1767|
|2010||Between January and December 2009||0. 1783|
2.3 Models 2009 to 2002
|2008||0. 0926||2009||0. 0984|
2. Find the category to which the vehicle belongs based on its updated value. From the updated value, subtract the lower limit of the category:
|Category||Lower limit||Upper limit||Fixed fee|| Excess rate
|TO||$ 0. 000||$ 693, 073. 00||$ 0. 00||3.0%|
|B||$ 693, 75. 01||$ 1, 333, 781. 00||$ 24, 792. 20||8.7%|
|C||$ 1, 318, 781. 01||$ 1, 781, 749. 00||$ 76, 556. 81||13.3 %||D||$ 1, 792, 749. 07||$ 2, 271, 717. 50||$ 125, 576. 56||16. 8%|
|AND||$ 2, 251, 171. 51||onwards||$ 207, 683. 28||19. 9%|
3. The result you obtain, multiply it by the excess rate of the category.
4. To the result of point 3, add the fixed fee of the corresponding category. If your vehicle is new, first acquired or definitively imported, you must pay the proportional part of the tax corresponding to the month of sale or import, according to the following table :
|Acquisition month||Applicable percentage||January||100%|
7. Finally, add the Rights for Vehicle Control Services. In general, in Mexico City for private vehicles in 2019, this payment corresponds to endorsement, which has a cost of $ 556. 50 pesos.
2.4 Practical example:
Consider a vehicle with the following characteristics:
- Vehicle: Volkswagen Jetta
- Model: 2014
- Date of purchase: 10 of January of 2015
- Invoice value: $ 318, 000
- Use: Particular
- Rights for Vehicle Control Services: Endorsement
- Therefore, for this vehicle, the calculation would be as follows:
- $ 316, 000 0. 5824 = $ 184, 038. 40
- Category “A” vehicle. We subtract the lower limit from the updated value:
- $ 196, 038. 40 – $ 0. 000 = $ 184, 33. 39
- $ 196, 038. 39 3.0% = $ 5, 521. 14
- $ 5, 521. 15 $ 0. 00 = $ 5, 521. 15
- In this case, point 5 does not apply because it is not a new vehicle or first purchase, but if it were, it would be necessary to multiply $ 5, 521. 15 100% (January) and the amount would remain the same.
- $ 5, 512. 15 $ 528. 94 (endorsement of Rights for Vehicle Control Services) = $ 6, 050 . 09
Lastly, the final amount will be rounded to the nearest unit. As a result, the amount to be paid would be $ 6, 050. 00.
3. Vehicle ownership in the CDMX
3.1 What is the deadline to pay the tenure in the CDMX?
For the year 2019, there have been several extensions for the payment of tenure, the most recent being September 1 .
3.2 What happens if I did not pay my tenure in time the CDMX?
If you forgot to pay for your vehicle ownership in the DF, you can pay it extemporaneously in the vehicle ownership payment portal of the Secretariat of Finance of Mexico City .
Before proceeding, we recommend that you read below how to check if you have a tenure debt, already that the payment portal allows you to double the payment of your tenure .
Remember that paying your vehicle ownership later than the deadline will imply that:
- You will lose the right to obtain your subsidy of tenure, so you will have to pay the tenure in full.
- If your vehicle ends in a corralón , they will not allow its withdrawal until you pay the entire debt of your possession.
3.3 Does a new car pay tenure in the CDMX?
All new cars are required to pay tenancy . However, you can get tax subsidies for ownership according to the value of your vehicle .
If your vehicle has a value less than $ 250, 000 pesos (including VAT, once the depreciation factor has been applied) you can opt for the subsidy of 100% of your tenure if you pay the corresponding endorsement.
To be eligible for the 100%, the CDMX requests that you meet all the requirements that we explain below.
3.4 What requirements must be met for the 100% of vehicle ownership in CDMX?
- Do not have any holding debts prior to 2018. That is, you must be up-to-date with all your vehicle tenure payments.
- Have paid the endorsement of plates corresponding to 2019.
- Have your circulation card valid .
- The invoice value of your vehicle must be less than $ 250, 000 (including VAT and once applied the depreciation value).
3.5 If I am I exempt the payment of the tenure, do I have to pay the endorsement?
Even if you have a subsidy from 100% of vehicle ownership, you have an obligation to pay the endorsement .
Remember that in order to take advantage of your subsidy you must pay the endorsement before the established deadline. In 2019, the endorsement in the CDMX is $ 576. 50 .
In other words, if your subsidy was 100% and you did not pay the endorsement on time, you must pay the full tenure (without subsidy), and, also, the endorsement.
3.6 How to check if my vehicle has a tenure debt in the CDMX?
Use the Ministry of Finance consultation portal for tenure debts to check if your tenure vehicle has a debt.
To check if your vehicle has tenure debts, simply enter the license plates of your vehicle (without dashes or spaces) to consult any debit.
If you do not have any vehicle ownership debt, you will see a screen like the following: